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Deep Conditioner VS Regular Conditioner!

Updated: Apr 26


There is so much confusion based around conditioner and deep conditioners. Let's break it down!



Deep conditioner is typically more concentrated and nourishing than regular conditioner. It's designed to penetrate the hair shaft deeply, providing intense hydration and repair for damaged hair.



Regular conditioner, on the other hand, is lighter and used for daily maintenance to detangle, soften, and add a bit of moisture to the hair's surface.



Deep conditioners are often used weekly or bi-weekly for more intensive treatment, while regular conditioners can be used more frequently as part of a regular hair care routine.


 

Hair is made up of a protein called keratin, which consists of amino acids. The structure of hair involves various bonds, including hydrogen bonds.




Hydrogen bonds form between the hydrogen atoms of one molecule and the oxygen, nitrogen, or sulfur atoms of another molecule.


 In the case of hair, hydrogen bonds form between water molecules and the protein chains in the hair shaft.



When hair is wet, these hydrogen bonds are temporarily broken, allowing the hair to become more flexible and easier to manipulate. This is why hair can be styled more easily when damp.



However, when the hair dries, the hydrogen bonds reform, helping the hair return to its original shape. This is why hair retains its style after it dries.



In terms of conditioning, deep conditioners often contain ingredients that can temporarily disrupt these hydrogen bonds, allowing for deeper penetration of moisturizing and repairing agents into the hair shaft, resulting in improved hydration and repair.


 

Hydration and moisture are related concepts in skincare and hair care, but they refer to slightly different things:


1. Hydration: Hydration refers to the water content within the skin or hair. It involves adding water molecules to the skin or hair to improve its moisture levels. Hydrated skin or hair tends to feel plump, soft, and supple. Hydration is crucial for maintaining the health and appearance of both skin and hair.



2. Moisture: Moisture, on the other hand, refers to the ability of the skin or hair to retain water and prevent it from evaporating into the environment. Moisture helps to keep the skin or hair barrier intact and prevents dryness and dehydration. Moisturizers and conditioning products help to seal moisture into the skin or hair, creating a protective barrier to prevent water loss.



In summary, hydration involves adding water to the skin or hair, while moisture involves retaining that water to keep the skin or hair hydrated and healthy. Both hydration and moisture are essential for maintaining the health and appearance of skin and hair.



 

Hydration is the process of adding water to the skin or hair to increase its water content, while moisture refers to the ability of the skin or hair to retain that water and prevent it from evaporating into the environment. In simpler terms, hydration is about adding water, while moisture is about keeping that water locked in.


Unlike the skin, hair itself doesn't contain moisture. Instead, the outer layer of the hair shaft, known as the cuticle, acts as a protective barrier to help prevent moisture loss from the inner layers of the hair. When the cuticle is damaged or compromised, moisture can escape from the hair shaft, leading to dryness, frizz, and other hair shaft disorders like split ends or breakage. Therefore, it's important to use conditioning treatments and practices that help maintain the integrity of the cuticle to prevent moisture loss and keep the hair healthy.


The hydration within the cortex of the hair isn't exactly water in the sense we typically think of it. Rather, it refers to the moisture content within the protein structure of the hair. The cortex contains natural moisturizing factors and proteins that help maintain the hair's flexibility, strength, and overall health. When we talk about hydrating the hair, we're referring to replenishing these essential components within the hair shaft to keep it healthy and resilient.


When you drink water, it's absorbed into your body and undergoes several processes to maintain hydration and support various physiological functions. Here's a detailed breakdown:



1. Ingestion: Water enters your body through your mouth as you drink it.



2. Absorption in the Digestive Tract: Once in your stomach and intestines, water is absorbed into the bloodstream through the walls of the digestive tract. This absorption primarily occurs in the small intestine, where nutrients and water are absorbed into tiny blood vessels called capillaries.



3. Transportation in the Bloodstream: Water molecules are transported through the bloodstream to various organs and tissues throughout the body. The bloodstream acts as a distribution system, delivering water to cells and organs where it's needed.



4. Cellular Uptake: Water enters cells through a process called osmosis, where it moves across the cell membrane from an area of higher concentration (outside the cell) to an area of lower concentration (inside the cell). Inside the cell, water is used for various metabolic processes and to maintain cell structure and function.



5. Metabolic Processes: Water participates in numerous biochemical reactions within the body, including those involved in digestion, nutrient absorption, energy production, and waste removal. For example, water is a key component in breaking down carbohydrates, fats, and proteins during digestion.



6. Hydration and Electrolyte Balance: Water helps maintain proper hydration and electrolyte balance in the body. Electrolytes are minerals such as sodium, potassium, and chloride that play critical roles in nerve function, muscle contraction, and fluid balance. Drinking water helps replenish lost fluids and electrolytes through urine, sweat, and other bodily processes.



7. Excretion of Waste: Water is also involved in the excretion of waste products from the body, primarily through urine. It helps flush out toxins, metabolic by-products, and excess salts and minerals.



In summary, when you drink water, it's absorbed into your body, transported through the bloodstream to cells and tissues, where it supports various metabolic processes, maintains hydration and electrolyte balance, and helps remove waste products from the body.


 

When we talk about hydration within the hair, we're referring to the moisture content within the hair shaft, particularly within the cortex. This moisture is essential for maintaining the flexibility, strength, and overall health of the hair.


However, simply wetting the hair with water externally doesn't provide long-term hydration for the hair shaft. In fact, excessive exposure to water without proper conditioning can lead to issues like swelling of the hair shaft, which can weaken the structure and lead to hair shaft disorders like breakage or split ends, especially if the hair is exposed to heat styling or mechanical stress while wet.


To maintain optimal hydration within the hair, it's important to use conditioning products that help seal moisture into the hair shaft and protect it from damage. These products typically contain ingredients that can penetrate the hair shaft to replenish moisture and strengthen the hair from within, resulting in healthier, more resilient hair.


 

Here are six hair shaft disorders that can be exacerbated by combing wet hair or consistently having wet hair:



1. Mechanical Damage: Wet hair is more susceptible to breakage and damage from combing or brushing, especially if done forcefully or with a rough tool. This can lead to split ends, fraying of the hair shaft, and overall weakening of the hair structure.



2. Hygral Fatigue: Hygral fatigue occurs when the hair swells as it absorbs water during wetting and then contracts as it dries. Repeated swelling and contraction can weaken the hair shaft over time, leading to breakage and loss of elasticity.



3. Traction Alopecia: Constantly combing or styling wet hair in tight hairstyles can lead to traction alopecia, a type of hair loss caused by prolonged tension on the hair follicles. This can result in thinning or bald patches, particularly around the hairline or areas where tension is applied.



4. Fungal Infections: Keeping the hair consistently wet can create a favorable environment for fungal growth, leading to conditions like scalp ringworm (tinea capitis) or fungal infections of the hair shaft. These infections can cause itching, inflammation, and hair loss if left untreated.



5. Maceration

: Prolonged exposure to water can cause the hair cuticle to swell and become softened, a condition known as maceration. This can make the hair more prone to damage and breakage, as well as contribute to frizz and loss of shine. maceration" in hair care refers to a condition that occurs when the hair cuticle becomes overly swollen and softened due to prolonged exposure to water. This can happen, for example, if hair is frequently exposed to water for extended periods, such as during swimming or prolonged soaking.

When the hair cuticle swells excessively, it becomes more vulnerable to damage and breakage. The softened cuticle can also lead to frizz and a loss of shine in the hair. Additionally, prolonged maceration can weaken the structural integrity of the hair strands over time.

To mitigate the effects of maceration on hair, it's important to limit prolonged exposure to water and take steps to protect the hair, such as using a swimming cap while swimming and minimizing the use of hot water during washing.


Use hot water to open the cuticle and finish with cold water sealing the cuticle. The cuticle should not be open from being to end during the shampoo and conditioning process.


Additionally, using conditioning treatments and products specifically formulated to strengthen and protect the hair cuticle can help maintain hair health despite exposure to water.



6. Increased Porosity: Excessive exposure to water can increase the porosity of the hair shaft, making it more prone to absorbing and losing moisture. High porosity hair may feel dry, rough, and brittle, and it can be more difficult to style and maintain.



To mitigate these hair shaft disorders, it's important to handle wet hair gently, use a wide-tooth comb or detangling brush to minimize breakage, and avoid tight hairstyles or excessive manipulation when the hair is wet. Additionally, using conditioning treatments and protective styling products can help maintain the health and integrity of the hair shaft.



 

While hair products play a significant role in moisturizing the hair, there are also natural methods and dietary considerations that can help hydrate the hair from the inside out. Here are some pointers that don't rely on hair products:


1. Stay Hydrated: Drinking an adequate amount of water throughout the day is essential for overall hydration, including the hydration of your hair. Aim to drink at least 8 glasses of water per day to keep your body and hair well-hydrated.


2. Eat a Balanced Diet: Consuming a balanced diet rich in vitamins, minerals, and essential fatty acids is crucial for maintaining healthy hair. Foods high in omega-3 fatty acids, such as salmon, walnuts, and flaxseeds, can help nourish the scalp and promote hair hydration.


3. Herbal Infusions: Certain herbs can be used internally to support hair health and hydration. For example, drinking herbal infusions or teas made from herbs like rosemary, nettle, horsetail, and marshmallow root can provide vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants that support hair growth and hydration.


4. Healthy Fats: Incorporate healthy fats into your diet, such as avocados, olive oil, and nuts, which contain essential fatty acids that help nourish the scalp and hair follicles from the inside out, promoting hydration and shine.


5. Protein-Rich Foods: Hair is made up of protein, so including protein-rich foods like lean meats, poultry, eggs, legumes, and tofu in your diet can help support healthy hair growth and hydration.


6. Limit Processed Foods and Sugars: High-sugar and processed foods can contribute to inflammation and oxidative stress in the body, which can negatively impact hair health and hydration. Try to limit your intake of these foods and focus on whole, nutrient-dense options instead.


Incorporating these dietary strategies alongside a consistent hair care routine can help promote hydration and overall health for your hair from the inside out.




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Minimize the use of hot water when washing? I thought we were supposed to shampoo our hair with water as hot as we can take it , to open the cuticle, right?

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Admin
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Apr 26
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